5 Fun Activities for Irregular Verbs

In English, the simple past tense is formed by adding -ed to the end of the regular verbs. If only all past verbs were that easy! The problem for English language learners is the many, many changes that occur when forming the past tense of irregular verbs. Sometimes the vowel changes (come – came), sometimes the pronunciation changes (read – read), and sometimes the whole word changes (eat – ate). Sometimes there seems to be a pattern (throw – threw, know – knew), but there are always exceptions (snow – snowed).

English language learners can become discouraged with what they perceive as the endless memorization ahead of them, so English teachers can help by introducing fun activities for learning and reviewing irregular verbs. When one of our subscribers asked us for some ideas for irregular verb activities, I was only too happy to share my five favorites. Please add to the list and share your favorite activity in the comment section below!

1. Irregular Verb Ball Toss

Let’s start with a quick and easy one that always goes over well with my students. Bring in a rubber ball (or use a small eraser, a scrunched-up ball of paper, or anything else that’s light and safe to throw) and let the game begin! You may want to let students refer to a list of irregular verbs when they’re first learning them, but later on you can play it without the list. I prefer not to keep score during this game, but you may choose to. You can also choose if you should correct any mistakes or if another student should do it.

  • Choose an irregular verb and say the base form out loud.
  • Say the name of a student and toss the ball to them.
  • The student must catch the ball and say the past form.
  • That student then chooses another verb and repeats the steps above.
  • Continue until all the students have had a turn or two.

2. Concentration (on the table)

This classic game is useful for reviewing all kinds of vocabulary and grammar targets. Cut up the verbs from the list (one set for each group) or make your own verb cards. You could also have students make their own cards.

  • Arrange students into small groups (groups of three or four work well).
  • Mix up the verb cards and arrange them facedown in a rough square pattern.
  • One student starts by turning over any two of the cards. If that student gets a match (by turning over a base verb that matches the past form of that verb), he/she can keep the pair of paper slips. If there’s no match, the student must turn the slips over again and place them back in the same place.
  • Once all the slips have been matched up, students should add up how many pairs they have. The student with the most matches wins!

3. Concentration (on the board)

This activity is my favorite for irregular verb review. It always goes over well and gets the whole class involved.

  • Draw a grid on the board with 20 squares (5 X 4). Write the numbers 1–20 in the top left-hand corner of each square. Have a master grid for yourself that you can refer to with ten base verbs and ten corresponding past forms (use the list below for ideas) filled into the grid (one verb per square, with the order mixed up).
  • Divide the students into two teams. Ask one student from team A to choose one box. Write the verb in the center of the box. Have that same student choose another box. Fill in that box too.
  • If the two boxes create a match (base verb + past verb), leave the verbs written in the boxes and give that team a point. If they don’t match, erase both boxes and repeat the process with a student from team B.
  • Continue until all the boxes are filled in. For the last pair of boxes, make it more challenging by having that team member guess the last box (i.e., if the base verb is chosen, write it in the box, but then the student must tell you the past form without seeing the last box, and vice versa). The team with the most points wins!
  • Note: Most boards will clearly show which spots have been erased, thus making it easier for students to remember which numbers have already been chosen. To make it more challenging, when setting up the board, run the eraser over the center of each box before starting the game.

4. Bingo

Bingo is another classic, popular game that’s easy to adapt for irregular verb review.

  • Make a copy of a blank Bingo card for each student.
  • Have students fill in the past form of any verbs from the list below (one inside each square), in any order. The center square can be a “free” space, if you wish.
  • Tell students they can yell out “Bingo!” when they have one horizontal, vertical, or diagonal line checked off. Higher-level students must complete two lines.
  • Using the list, call out the base form of the verbs in a random order, one by one. Students can check off the past verbs that match.
  • Continue until a student yells “Bingo!”


5. Relay

Relay races are quick and easy to do, and they get your students moving!

  • Write two (or more, if you want more than two teams) columns of base verbs from the list on the board before class starts. The columns should be identical. (For a more challenging race, choose other, less common verbs.)
  • Divide the class into two (or more) teams.
  • Move desks and chairs out of the way.
  • Line students up facing the board.
  • When you yell “Go!”, the first student from each team must run to the board and write the past form of any one verb next to the base form.
  • That student then races back and hands the marker or chalk to the next student in line. Continue until one team has all the verbs filled in.
  • Give each team one point for each correctly formed (and spelled!) past verb.


Download Irregular Verbs PDF

Download Bingo Card


Try our Grammar Practice Worksheets, Simple Sentences, and Grammar Stories sections for a variety of lessons on the simple past.

Not an ESL Library member? Get unlimited access to 700+ lessons and 2000+ flashcards. Subscribe today!


Leave a Comment ↓

  1. Victoria Sayapina says:

    Nov 20, 2018 at 9:56 pm

    Many thanks! Great activities!

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Nov 21, 2018 at 12:30 pm

      You’re welcome, Victoria! Glad you like them.

  2. Thao Trang Vu says:

    Sep 10, 2018 at 10:44 am

    Thanks for your activity suggestions. I did apply three of the, successfully in my lesson. 😊

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Sep 10, 2018 at 2:39 pm

      That’s great to hear! Thanks for sharing.

  3. maria santiago says:

    Jun 25, 2018 at 10:59 pm

    Thank you, interesting activities.

  4. Merce says:

    Feb 18, 2018 at 7:29 am

    Congratulations excellent activities . Thanks for your help. I was wondering how to teach boring but necessary topic.

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Feb 20, 2018 at 4:00 pm

      Thanks, Merce! I hope your students enjoy them.

  5. ema says:

    Jan 11, 2018 at 10:14 am

    thanks a lot. this is just a great games for my class.

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Jan 11, 2018 at 1:07 pm

      I’m glad your class enjoyed these activities, Ema! Thanks for commenting.

  6. Joe says:

    Sep 20, 2017 at 1:42 pm

    I am a student that was given a project to teach my classmates the irregular verbs and with your help I think I’ll nail it

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Sep 22, 2017 at 2:08 pm

      Fantastic! Good luck, Joe.

  7. Ximena Sanjinés says:

    Sep 01, 2017 at 8:31 am

    This was amazing! I might just use all of the ideas because my students are having problems remembering the verbs and the only method I knew was memorizing them which is not useful unless they have a purpose.

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Sep 01, 2017 at 3:48 pm

      Great to hear! Students retain info like this so much better when there’s a fun activity involved.

  8. Johnny says:

    Mar 16, 2017 at 1:04 pm

    Thanks a lot. Very useful ideas =)

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Mar 16, 2017 at 3:50 pm

      Great! Thanks for your comment, Johnny.

  9. Erasmo says:

    Mar 11, 2017 at 6:53 am

    Thank you so much for sharing! Great ideas!

  10. Hana says:

    Jan 26, 2017 at 1:52 am

    Great ideas! Thanks a lot :)

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Jan 26, 2017 at 12:20 pm

      You’re welcome, Hana!

  11. guest says:

    Jan 25, 2017 at 9:02 am

    I don’t understand board concentration (what do you mean by “fill in”?) or bingo (what squares do the kids fill in?).

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Jan 25, 2017 at 3:01 pm

      Hi! For the concentration game on the board, you, the teacher, are filling in and/or erasing the words into the squares on the board. You’d be playing this as a class with two teams, with only you writing on the board (filling in the squares) based on the numbers the student (whose turn it is) calls out (based on your master sheet that has a set of base and irregular verbs already filled in that only you can see).

      For the Bingo activity, each student must fill in all the squares with any past verbs of their choice from the printable list above (or have them think up their own if you prefer). Each student’s card must be different from their other classmates so that only one student wins the game. You, the teacher, will call out a series of base verbs in random order, one by one, which students will cross off their cards if they have the past verb match. The first student to get a line wins!

  12. Farid says:

    Apr 29, 2016 at 2:27 pm

    You are doing a great work. Thanks a lot


  13. lindsay says:

    Mar 10, 2015 at 4:30 am

    Whoops, forgot to write something! I have been spending the morning downloading lessons into my ESL folder ready for when I go to teach in Hanoi. I am really keen to get my students to engage. Warmers are a great way to get the ball rolling but I don’t seem to be able to find any( maybe I was having a boy look!). I want to introduce things like, Australian Rules Football,going to the movies,seeing a band, dancing etc which are relevant in creating a standard of English conversation to new learners . Maybe a warmer on an mp3 showing a tutor,lecturer or teacher giving a warmer to a class group!

    Cheers, love the material that ESL and its brainstorming folk provide. Adios.

  14. lindsaay says:

    Mar 10, 2015 at 3:49 am


  15. PAOLA says:

    Mar 02, 2015 at 1:30 pm

    this is just great! thank you ESL for these tips!

    • Tanya Trusler says:

      Mar 02, 2015 at 5:08 pm

      You’re welcome, Paola! Thanks for your comment. :)

Sorry, comments for this entry are closed.