Vision without action is a daydream. Action without vision is a nightmare. ~Japanese Proverb
Part of any language curriculum should involve students taking charge of their learning through goal-setting and reflecting. This process helps students find out how they learn best and what motivates them. It also helps them take control of their own learning. January is a great time to get your students to reflect on their learning journey. When students actively reflect on where they were at the beginning of your class and what they have achieved, it gives them an idea of what they need to do to get to where they want to be at the end of the semester. I have tried many different approaches to get my students to ponder their language learning goals and create plans to achieve them. These are a few ideas that have been successful.
Have Them Map Out Their Goals
Students should write out their learning goals on either a journal, blog, website, mobile device, or paper. They need to be able to keep a copy to refer to later. Concept maps are also useful. Students can list English language goals as the main concept then have branches listing specific goals.
Goals Should be Specific and Individualized
Encourage your students to create personal goals that relate to their interests or needs. Also, encourage them to be specific. For example, your student might write, “I want to be able to read a novel in English or understand the lyrics to my favorite English song.” Another student might need to learn English in order to pass a test.
Create Action Plans
After writing these statements, you can have your students pair up and come up with action plans to achieve these goals. For example, students might decide the best way to read a novel in English is to read so many pages each week and join an online discussion about the book. This type of activity spurs discussion among your students as they discover a little about each other. You can even pair them up according to those who have similar goals. Encourage students to also determine problems they may have along the way to completing their goals and write out solutions.
Goals Should be Posted and Shared
My students post their short goal statements to a Wallwisher (an online sticky board) on our class wiki page. This way they are committed to accomplishing the goal and have a constant reminder of their goals each time they visit the wiki.
Reflect on Their Goals
Along the way, have your students go through previous assignments and tasks to see where they began and see how much they have progressed. Have them write down or discuss how they feel about their progress and think about what they need to do to achieve more.
Motivating Students to Reach Their Goals
Your students may need some motivation to accomplish their language learning goals. The following ideas may help:
- A wall of inspiration- Put butcher paper over one wall and have students daily write out quotes, sayings, or thoughts that inspire them. They can also add pictures of them doing tasks to reach their goals. Students love writing on walls.
- A goal collage- have students create collages with pictures that relate to their goals. Students can create multimedia collages online with these free webtools- Glogster, Muzy, Magnoto, and Webdoc.
For more tips for achieving goals with language learners, visit these resources:
- Slide presentation- Showing Our Learners to Achieve Success with Resolutions
- Video archive- Goal-setting with English Language Learners
- New Year’s Lesson Plans & Writing Resolutions
- Goal-Setting with Language Learners post
How do you motivate your students to accomplish their learning goals?
If you want to receive more of Shelly’s tips for online resources for teaching English, then subscribe!